Adapted from the Westminster Shorter Catechism by Benjamin Keach and Hercules Collins and published by the Association of Baptists in London with their Confession of 1689.
Q. 1. Who is the first and best of beings?
A. God is the first and best of beings. (Isaiah 44:6; Psalm 8:1;
Q. 2. What is the chief end of man?
A. Man's chief end is to glorify God and to enjoy Him forever.
(1 Cor. 10:31; Psalm 73:25-26)
Q. 3. How do we know there is a God?
A. The light of nature in man, and the works of God, plainly
declare that there is a God; but His Word and Spirit only, do
effectually reveal Him unto us for our salvation. (Rom. 1:18-20;
Psalm 19:1-2; 2 Tim. 3:15; 1 Cor. 1:21-24; 2:9-10)
Q. 4. What is the Word of God?
A. The Scriptures of the Old and New Testaments, being given by
divine inspiration, are the Word of God, the only infallible rule of
faith and practice. (2 Peter 1:21; 2 Tim. 3:16-17; Isaiah 8:20)
Q. 5. How do we know that the Bible is the Word of God?
A. The Bible evidences itself to be God's Word by the
heavenliness of its doctrine, the unity of its parts, its power to
convert sinners and to edify saints; but the Spirit of God only,
bearing witness by and with the Scriptures in our hearts, is able
fully to persuade us that the Bible is the Word of God. (1 Cor.
2:6-7,13; Psalm 119:18,129; Acts 10:43, 26:22; 18:28; Heb 4:12;
Psalm 19:7-9; Rom. 15:4; John 16:13,14; 1 John 2:20-27; 2 Cor.
Q. 6. May all men make use of the Scriptures?
A. All men are not only permitted, but commanded and exhorted, to
read, hear, and understand the Scriptures. (John 5:39; Luke 16:29;
Acts 8:28-30; 17:11)
Q. 7. What do the Scriptures principally teach?
A. The Scriptures principally teach what man is to believe
concerning God and what duty God requires of man. (2 Tim. 3:16,17;
John 20:31; Acts 24:14; 1 Cor. 10:11; Eccles. 12:13)
Q. 8. What is God?
A. God is a Spirit, infinite, eternal, and unchangeable in His
being, wisdom, power, holiness, justice, goodness and truth. (John
4:24; Psalm 147:5; Psalm 90:2; James 1:17; Rev. 4:8; Psalm 89:14;
Exod. 34:6,7; 1 Tim. 1:17)
Q. 9. Are there more gods than one?
A. There is but one only, the living and true God. (Deut. 6:4;
Q. 10. How many persons are there in the Godhead?
A. There are three persons in the Godhead, the Father, the Son, and
the Holy Spirit; and these three are one God, the same in essence,
equal in power and glory. (1 Cor. 8:6; John 10:30; John 14:9; Acts
5:3,4; Matt. 28:19; 2 Cor. 13:14)
Q. 11. What are the decrees of God?
A. The decrees of God are His eternal purpose, according to the
counsel of His will, whereby for His own glory, He has fore-ordained
whatsoever comes to pass (Eph. 1:11; Rom. 11:36; Dan. 4:35)
Q. 12. How does God execute His decrees?
A. God executes His decrees in the works of creation and providence.
(Gen. 1:1; Rev. 4:11; Matt. 6:26; Acts 14:17)
Q. 13. What is the work of creation?
A. The work of creation is God's making all things of nothing, by
the Word of His power, in the space of six days, and all very good.
(Gen. 1:1; Heb. 11:3; Ex. 20:11; Gen. 1:31)
Q. 14. How did God create man?
A. God created man male and female, after His own image, in
knowledge, righteousness, and holiness, with dominion over the
creatures. (Gen. 1:27; Col. 3:10; Eph. 4:24; Gen. 1:28)
Q. 15. What are God's works of providence?
A. God's works of providence are His most holy, wise, and powerful
preserving and governing all His creatures, and all their actions.
(Neh. 9:6; Col. 1:17; Heb. 1:3; Psalm 103:19; Matt. 10:29,30)
Q. 16. What special act of providence did God exercise towards
man, in the estate wherein he was created?
A. When God had created man, He entered into a covenant of works
with him, upon condition of perfect obedience, forbidding him to eat
of the tree of the knowledge of good and evil, upon pain of death.
(Gen. 2:16,17; Gal. 3:12; Rom. 5:12)
Q. 17. Did our first parents continue in the estate wherein they
A. Our first parents, being left to the freedom of their own will,
fell from the estate wherein they were created, by sinning against
God. (Gen. 3:6; Eccles. 7:29; Rom. 5:12)
Q. 18. What is sin?
A. Sin is any want of conformity unto, or transgression of, the law
of God. (1 John 3:4; Rom. 5:13)
Q. 19. What was the sin whereby our first parents fell from the
estate wherein they were created?
A. The sin whereby our first parents fell from the estate wherein
they were created, was their eating the forbidden fruit. (Gen.
Q. 20. Did all mankind fall in Adam's first transgression?
A. The covenant being made with Adam, not only for himself but for
his posterity, all mankind, descending from him by ordinary
generation, sinned in him, and fell with him in his first
transgression. (1 Cor. 15:21,22; Rom. 5:12,18,19)
Q. 21. Into what estate did the fall bring mankind?
A. The fall brought mankind into an estate of sin and misery. (Psalm
51:5; Rom. 5:18,19: Is. 64:6)
Q. 22. Wherein consists the sinfulness of that estate whereunto
A. The sinfulness of that estate whereunto man fell, consists in the
guilt of Adam's first sin, the want of original righteousness, and
the corruption of his whole nature, which is commonly called
original sin, together with all actual transgressions which proceed
from it. (Rom. 5:19; 3:10; Eph. 2:1; Is. 53:6; Psalm 51:5; Matt.
Q. 23. What is the misery of that estate whereunto man fell?
A. All mankind, by their fall lost communion with God, are under His
wrath and curse, and so made liable to all the miseries of this
life, to death itself, and to the pains of hell forever. (Gen.
3:8,24; Eph. 2:3; Gal. 3:10; Rom. 6:23; Matt. 25:41-46; Psalm 9:17)
Q. 24. Did God leave all mankind to perish in the estate of sin
A. God, out of His mere good pleasure, from all eternity, having
chosen a people to everlasting life, did enter into a covenant of
grace, to deliver them out of the estate of sin and misery, and to
bring them into an estate of salvation, by a Redeemer. (Eph. 1:3,4;
2 Thess. 2:13; Rom. 5:21; Acts 13:8; Jer. 31:33)
Q. 25. Who is the Redeemer of God's elect?
A. The only Redeemer of God's elect is the Lord Jesus Christ, who,
being the eternal Son of God, became man, and so was and continues
to be God and man, in two distinct natures and one person, forever.
(Gal. 3:13; 1 Tim. 2:5; John 1:14; 1 Tim. 3:16; Rom. 9:5; Col. 2:9)
Q. 26. How did Christ, being the Son of God, become man?
A. Christ, the Son of God became man by taking to himself a true
body and a reasonable soul; being conceived by the power of the Holy
Spirit in the womb of the Virgin Mary and born of her, yet without
sin. (Heb. 2:14; Matt. 26:38; Luke 2:52; John 12:27; Luke 1:31,35;
Heb. 4:15; 7:26)
Q. 27. What offices does Christ execute as our Redeemer?
A. Christ, as our Redeemer, executes the offices of a prophet, of a
priest, and of a king, both in His estate of humiliation and
exaltation. (Acts 3:22; Heb. 5:6; Psalm 2:6)
Q. 28. How does Christ execute the office of a prophet?
A. Christ executes the office of a prophet, in revealing to us, by
this Word and Spirit, the will of God for our salvation. (John 1:18;
Q. 29. How does Christ execute the office of a priest?
A. Christ executes the office of a priest, in His once offering up
of Himself, a sacrifice to satisfy divine justice, and reconcile us
to God, and in making continual intercession for us. (1 Peter 2:24;
Heb. 9:28; Eph. 5:2; Heb. 2:17; 7:25; Rom. 8:34)
Q. 30. How does Christ execute the office of a king?
A. Christ executes the office of a king, in subduing us to Himself,
in ruling and defending us, and in restraining and conquering all
His and our enemies. (Psalm 110:3; Matt. 2:6; 1 Cor. 15:25)
Q. 31. Wherein did Christ's humiliation consist?
A. Christ's humiliation consisted in His being born, and that in a
low condition, made under the law, undergoing the miseries of this
life, the wrath of God, and the cursed death of the cross, in being
buried, and continuing under the power of death for a time. (Luke
2:7; Gal. 4:4; Is. 53:3; Luke 22:44; Matt. 27:46; Phil. 2:8; Matt.
12:40; Mark 15:45,46)
Q. 32. Wherein consists Christ's exaltation?
A. Christ's exaltation consists in His rising again from the dead on
the third day, in ascending up into heaven, in sitting at the right
hand of God the Father, and in coming to judge the world at the last
day. (1 Cor. 15:4; Acts 1:11; Mark 16:19; Acts 17:31)
Q. 33. How are we made partakers of the redemption purchased by
A. We are made partakers of the redemption purchased by Christ, by
the effectual application of it to us, by His Holy Spirit. (John
3:5,6; Titus 3:5,6)
Q. 34. How does the Spirit apply to us the redemption purchased
A. The Spirit applies to us the redemption purchased by Christ, by
working faith in us, and thereby uniting us to Christ in our
effectual calling. (Eph. 2:8; 3:17)
Q. 35. What is effectual calling?
A. Effectual calling is the work of God's Spirit, whereby,
convincing us of our sin and misery, enlightening our minds in the
knowledge of Christ, and renewing our wills, He does persuade and
enable us to embrace Jesus Christ, freely offered to us in the
Gospel. (2 Tim. 1:9; John 16:8-11; Acts 2:37; 26:18; Ezekiel 36:26;
John 6:44,45; 1 Cor. 12:3)
Q. 36. What benefits do they that are effectually called, partake
of in this life?
A. They that are effectually called, do in this life partake of
justification, adoption, sanctification, and the several benefits
which in this life do either accompany or flow from them. (Rom.
8:30; Gal. 3:26; 1 Cor. 6:11; Rom. 8:31,32; Eph. 1:5; 1 Cor. 1:30)
Q. 37. What is justification?
A. Justification is an act of God's free grace, wherein He pardons
all our sins, and accepts us as righteous in His sight, only for the
righteousness of Christ imputed to us, and received by faith alone.
(Rom. 3:24; Eph. 1:7; 2 Cor. 5:21; Rom. 5:19; Phil. 3:9; Gal. 2:16)
Q. 38. What is adoption?
A. Adoption is an act of God's free grace, whereby we are received
into the number, and have a right to all the privileges of the sons
of God. (1 John 3:1; John 1:12; Rom. 8:16,17)
Q. 39. What is sanctification?
A. Sanctification is a work of God's free grace whereby we are
renewed in the whole man after the image of God, and are enabled
more and more to die unto sin, and live unto righteousness. (2
Thess. 2:13; Eph. 4:23,24; Rom. 6:11)
Q. 40. What are the benefits which in this life do accompany or
flow from justification, adoption, and sanctification?
A. The benefits which in this life do accompany or flow from
justification, adoption, and sanctification, are, assurance of God's
love, peace of conscience, joy in the Holy Spirit, increase of
grace, and perseverance therein to the end. (Rom. 5:1-5; 14:17;
Prov. 4:18; 1 Peter 1:5;1 John 5:13)
Q. 41. What benefits do believers receive from Christ at death?
A. The souls of believers are at death made perfect in holiness, and
do immediately pass into glory, and their bodies, being still united
to Christ, do rest in their graves till the resurrection. (Heb.
12:23; Phil. 1:23; 2 Cor. 5:8; Luke 23:43; 1 Thess 4:14; Is. 57:2;
Q. 42. What benefits do believers receive from Christ at the
A. At the resurrection, believers become raised up in glory, shall
be openly acknowledged and acquitted in the day of judgment, and
made perfectly blessed in the full enjoyment of God to all eternity.
(Phil. 3:20,21; 1 Cor. 15:42,43; Matt. 10:32; 1 John 3:2; 1 Thess.
Q. 43. What shall be done to the wicked at death?
A. The souls of the wicked shall at death, be cast into the torments
of hell, and their bodies lie in their graves till the resurrection
and judgement of the great day. (Luke 16:22-24; Psalm 49:14)
Q. 44. What shall be done to the wicked at the day of judgement?
A. At the day of judgement, the bodies of the wicked, being raised
out of their graves, shall be sentenced, together with their souls,
to unspeakable torments with the devil and his angels forever. (Dan.
12:2; John 5:28,29; 2 Thess. 1:9; Matt. 25:41)
Q. 45. What is the duty which God requires of man?
A. The duty which God requires of man, is obedience to His revealed
will. (Micah 6:8; Eccles. 12:13; Psalm 119:4; Luke 10:26-28)
Q. 46. What did God at first reveal to man for the rule of his
A. The rule which God at first revealed to man for his obedience was
the moral law. (Rom. 2:14,15; 5:13,14)
Q. 47. Where is the moral law summarily comprehended?
A. The moral law is summarily comprehended in the Ten Commandments.
(Deut. 10:4; Matt. 19:17)
Q. 48. What is the sum of the Ten Commandments?
A. The sum of the Ten Commandments is, to love the Lord our God,
with all our heart, with all our soul, with all our strength, and
with all our mind; and our neighbor as ourselves. (Matt. 22:36-40;
Q. 49. What is the preface to the Ten Commandments?
A. The preface to the Ten Commandments is, "I am the Lord thy God,
which have brought thee out of the land of Egypt, out of the house
of bondage." (Exodus 20:2)
Q. 50. What does the preface to the Ten Commandments teach us?
A. The preface to the Ten Commandments teaches us, that because God
is the Lord, and our God and Redeemer, therefore we are bound to
keep all His commandments. (Deut 11:1)
Q. 51. Which is the first commandment?
A. The first commandment is, "Thou shalt have no other Gods before
me." (Exodus 20:3)
Q. 52. What is required in the first commandment?
A. The first commandment requires us to know and acknowledge God to
be the only true God, and our God, and to worship and glorify Him
accordingly. (Joshua 24:15; 1 Chron. 28:9; Deut. 26:17; Psalm 29:2;
Q. 53. What is forbidden in the first commandment?
A. The first commandment forbids the denying, or not worshipping and
glorifying the true God, as God and our God; and the giving that
worship and glory to any other, which is due unto Him alone. (Joshua
24:27; Rom. 1:20,21; Psalm 14:1; Rom. 1:25)
Q. 54. What are we especially taught by these words, "before me,"
in the first commandment?
A. These words, "before me", in the first commandment, teach us,
that God, who sees all things, takes notice of, and is much
displeased with the sin of having any other God. (Deut.30:17,18;
Psalm 44:20,21; Psalm 90:8)
Q. 55. Which is the second commandment?
A. The second commandment is, "Thou shalt not make unto thee any
graven image, or any likeness of any thing that is in heaven above,
or that is in the earth beneath, or that is in the water under the
earth. Thou shalt not bow down thyself to them, nor serve them; for
I the Lord thy God am a jealous God, visiting the iniquity of the
fathers upon the children, unto the third and fourth generation of
them that hate me: and showing mercy unto thousands of them that
love me and keep my commandments." (Exodus 20:4-6)
Q. 56. What is required in the second commandment?
A. The second commandment requires the receiving, observing, and
keeping pure and entire, all such religious worship and ordinances,
as God has appointed in His Word. (Deut. 32:46; Matt. 28:20; Deut.
Q. 57. What is forbidden in the second commandment?
A. The second commandment forbids the worshipping of God by images,
or any other way not appointed in His Word. (Rom. 1:22,23; Deut.
4:15,16; Matt. 15:9; Col. 2:18)
Q. 58. What are the reasons annexed to the second commandment?
A. The reasons annexed to the second commandment, are, God's
sovereignty over us, His propriety in us, and the zeal He has for
His own worship. (Psalm 45:11; Ex. 34:14; 1 Cor. 10:22)
Q. 59. Which is the third commandment?
A. The third commandment is, "Thou shalt not take the name of the
Lord thy God in vain: for the Lord will not hold him guiltless that
taketh his name in vain." (Exodus 20:7)
Q. 60. What is required in the third commandment?
A. The third commandment requires the holy and reverent use of God's
names, titles, attributes, ordinances, words, and works. (Psalm29:2;
Deut. 32:1-4; Deut.28:58,59; Psalm111:9; Matt. 6:9, Eccles. 5:1;
Psalm 138:2, Job 36:24; Rev. 15:3,4; Reve 4:8)
Q. 61. What is forbidden in the third commandment?
A. The third commandment forbids all profaning and abusing of any
thing whereby God makes Himself known. (Malachi 1:6,7; Lev.
20:3;19:12; Matt. 5:34-37; Isa. 52:5)
Q. 62. What is the reason annexed to the third commandment?
A. The reason annexed to the third commandment is, that howsoever
the breakers of this commandment may escape punishment from men, yet
the Lord our God will not suffer them to escape His righteous
judgment. (Deut. 28:58,59; Malachi 2:2)
Q. 63. Which is the fourth commandment?
A. The fourth commandment is, "Remember the Sabbath day to keep it
holy. Six days shalt thou labor and do all thy work; but the seventh
day is the Sabbath of the Lord thy God: in it thou shalt not do any
work, thou, nor thy son, nor thy daughter, thy manservant, nor thy
maid servant, nor thy cattle, nor thy stranger that is within thy
gates: for in six days the Lord made heaven and earth, the sea, and
all that in them is, and rested the seventh day: wherefore the Lord
blessed the Sabbath day and hallowed it." (Exodus 20:8-11)
Q. 64. What is required in the fourth commandment?
A. The fourth commandment requires the keeping holy to God such set
times as He has appointed in His Word, expressly one whole day in
seven to be a holy Sabbath to Himself. (Lev. 19:30; Deut. 5:12)
Q. 65. Which day of the seven has God appointed to be the weekly
A. From the creation of the world to the resurrection of Christ, God
appointed the seventh day of the week to be the weekly Sabbath; and
the first day of the week ever since, to continue to the end of the
world, which is the Christian Sabbath. (Gen. 2:3; John 20:19; Acts
20:7; 1 Cor. 16:1,2; Rev. 1:10)
Q. 66. How is the Sabbath to be sanctified?
A. The Sabbath is to sanctified by a holy resting all that day, even
from such worldly employments and recreations as are lawful on other
days, and spending the time in the public and private exercises of
God's worship, except so much as is to be taken up in the works of
necessity and mercy. (Lev. 23:3; Isa. 58:13,14; Isa. 66:23; Matt.
Q. 67. What is forbidden in the fourth commandment?
A. The fourth commandment forbids the ommission or careless
performance of the duties required, and the profaning the day by
idleness, or doing that which is in itself sinful, or by unnecessary
thoughts, words, or works, about worldly employments or recreations.
(Ezekiel 22:26; 23:38; Jer. 17:21; Neh. 13:15,17; Acts 20:7)
Q. 68. What are the reasons annexed to the fourth commandment?
A. The reasons annexed to the fourth commandment are, God's allowing
us six days of the week for our own employments, His challenging a
special propriety in the seventh, His own example and His blessing
the Sabbath day. (Exodus 34:21; 31:16,17; Gen. 2:2,3)
Q. 69. Which is the fifth commandment?
A. The fifth commandment is, "Honor thy father and thy mother, that
thy days may be long upon the land which the Lord thy God giveth
thee." (Exodus 20:12)
Q. 70. What is required in the fifth commandment?
A. The fifth commandment requires the preserving the honor, and
performing the duties, belonging to every one in their several
places and relations, as superiors, inferiors, or equals. (Lev.
19:32; 1 Peter 2:17; Rom. 13:1; Eph. 5:21,22; Eph. 6:1,5,9; Col.
3:19-22; Rom. 12:10)
Q. 71. What is forbidden in the fifth commandment?
A. The fifth commandment forbids the neglecting of, or doing
anything against the honor and duty which belongs to every one in
their several places and relations. (Prov. 30:17; Rom. 13:7,8)
Q. 72. What is the reason annexed to the fifth commandment?
A. The reason annexed to the fifth commandment is a promise of long
life and prosperity (as far as it shall serve God's glory and their
own good), to all such as keep this commandment. (Eph. 6:2,3; Prov.
Q. 73. Which is the sixth commandment?
A. The sixth commandment is, "Thou shalt not kill." (Exodus 20:13)
Q. 74. What is required in the sixth commandment?
A. The sixth commandment requires all lawful endeavors to preserve
our own life and the life of others. (Eph. 5:29,30; Psalm 82:3,4;
Prov. 24:11,12; Act 16:28)
Q. 75. What is forbidden in the sixth commandment?
A. The sixth commandment forbids the taking away our own life, or
the life of our neighbor unjustly, or whatsoever tends thereto.
(Gen. 4:10,11; 9:6; Matt. 5:21-26)
Q. 76. Which is the seventh commandment?
A. The seventh commandment is, "Thou shalt not commit adultery."
Q. 77. What is required in the seventh commandment?
A. The seventh commandment requires the preservation of our own and
our neighbor's chastity, in heart, speech, and behavior. (1 Cor.
6:18; 7:2; 2 Tim. 2:22; Matt. 5:28; 1 Peter 3:2)
Q. 78. What is forbidden in the seventh commandment?
A. The seventh commandment forbids all unchaste thoughts, words, and
actions. (Matt. 5:28-32; Job 31:1; Eph. 5:3,4; Rom. 13:13; Col. 4:6)
Q. 79. Which is the eighth commandment?
A. The eighth commandment is, "Thou shalt not steal." (Exodus 20:15)
Q. 80. What is required in the eighth commandment?
A. The eighth commandment requires the lawful procuring and
furthering the wealth and outward state of ourselves and others.
(Prov. 27:23; Lev. 25:35; Deut. 15:10; 22:14)
Q. 81. What is forbidden in the eighth commandment?
A. The eighth commandment forbids whatsoever does or may unjustly
hinder our own or our neighbor's wealth or outward state. (1 Tim.
5:8; Prov. 28:19; 23:20,21; Eph. 4:28)
Q. 82. Which is the ninth commandment?
A. The ninth commandment is, "Thou shalt not bear false witness
against thy neighbor." (Exodus 20:16)
Q. 83. What is required in the ninth commandment?
A. The ninth commandment requires the maintaining and promoting of
truth between man and man, and of our own and our neighbor's good
name, especially in witness bearing. (Zech. 8:16; Acts 25:10;
Eccles. 7:1; 3 John 12; Prov. 14:5,25)
Q. 84. What is forbidden in the ninth commandment?
A. The ninth commandment forbids whatsoever is pre- judicial to
truth, or injurious to our own, or our neighbor's good name. (Eph.
4:25; Psalm 15:3; 2 Cor. 8:20,21)
Q. 85. Which is the tenth commandment?
A. The tenth commandment is, "Thou shalt not covet thy neighbor's
house. Thou shalt not covet thy neighbor's wife, nor his man
servant, nor his maid servant, nor his ox, nor his ass, nor anything
that is thy neighbor's." (Exodus 20:17)
Q. 86. What is required in the tenth commandment?
A. The tenth commandment requires full contentment with our own
condition, with a right and charitable frame of spirit towards our
neighbor, and all that is his. (Heb. 13:5;1 Tim. 6:6; Rom. 12:15; 1
Cor. 13:4-7; Lev. 19:18)
Q. 87. What is forbidden in the tenth commandment?
A. The tenth commandment forbids all discontentment with our own
estate, envying or grieving at the good of our neighbor, and all
inordinate motions and affections to anything that is his. (1 Cor.
10:10; James 5:9; Gal. 5:26; Col. 3:5)
Q. 88. Is any man able perfectly to keep the commandments of God?
A. No mere man, since the fall, is able in this life, perfectly to
keep the commandments of God, but daily breaks them in thought,
word, and deed. (Eccles. 7:20; Gen. 6:5; Gen. 8:21; 1 John 1:8;
James 3:8; James 3:2; Rom. 3:23)
Q. 89. What then is the purpose of the law since the fall?
A. The purpose of the law, since, the fall, is to reveal the perfect
righteousness of God, that His people may know his will for their
lives and the ungodly, being convicted of their sin, may be
restrained therein and brought to Christ for salvation. (Psalm
19:7-11; Rom. 3:20,31; 7:7; 12:2; Titus 2:12-14; Gal. 3:22,24; 1
Q. 90. Are all transgressions of the law equally heinous?
A. Some sins in themselves and by reason of several aggravations,
are more heinous in the sight of God than others. (Ezekiel 8:13;
John 19:11; 1 John 5:16)
Q. 91. What does every sin deserve?
A. Every sin deserves God's wrath and curse, both in this life, and
in that which is to come. (Eph.5:6; Gal. 3:10; Prov. 3:33; Psalm
11:6; Rev. 21:8)
Q. 92. What does God require of us, that we may escape His wrath
and curse, due to us for sin?
A. To escape the wrath and curse of God due to us for sin, God
requires of us faith in Jesus Christ, repentance unto life, with the
diligent use of all the outward and ordinary means whereby Christ
communicates to us the benefits of redemption. (Acts 20:21; Acts
Q. 93. What is faith in Jesus Christ?
A. Faith in Jesus Christ is a saving grace, whereby we receive and
rest upon Him alone for salvation, as He is offered to us in the
Gospel. (Heb. 10:39; John 1:12; Phil. 3-9; Gal. 2:15,16)
Q. 94. What is repentance unto life?
A. Repentance unto life is a saving grace, whereby a sinner, out of
a true sense of his sin, and apprehension of the mercy of God in
Christ, does, with grief and hatred of his sin, turn from it unto
God, with full purpose of, and endeavor after, new obedience. (Acts
2:37; Joel 2:13; Jer. 31:18,19: 2 Cor. 7:10,11; Rom. 6:18)
Q. 95. What are the outward and ordinary means whereby Christ
communicates to us the benefits of redemption?
A. The outward and ordinary means whereby Christ communicates to us
the benefits of redemption are His ordinances, especially the Word,
Baptism, the Lord's Supper and Prayer; all which are made effectual
to the elect for salvation. (Rom. 10:17; James 1:18; 1 Cor. 3:5;
Acts 14:1; 2:41,42)
Q. 96. How is the Word made effectual to salvation?
A. The Spirit of God makes the reading, but especially the preaching
of the Word an effectual means of convincing and converting sinners,
and of building them up in holiness and comfort, through faith unto
salvation. (Psalm 119:11,18; 1 Thess. 1:6; 1 Peter 2:1,2; Rom. 1:16;
Q. 97. How is the Word to be read and heard that it may become
effectual to salvation?
A. That the Word may become effectual to salvation we must attend
thereunto with diligence, preparation and prayer, receive it in
faith and love, lay it up in our hearts and practice it in our
lives. (Prov. 8:34; 1 Peter 2:1,2; 1 Tim. 4:13; Heb. 2:1,3; Heb.
4:2; 2 Thess. 2:10; Psalm 119:11; James 1:21,25)
Q. 98. How do Baptism and the Lord's Supper become effectual
means of salvation?
A. Baptism and the Lord's Supper become effectual means of
salvation, not from any virtue in them or in him that administers
them, but only by the blessing of Christ and the working of His
Spirit in them that by faith receive them. (1 Peter 3:21; 1 Cor.
3:6,7; 1 Cor. 12:13)
Q. 99. Wherein do Baptism and the Lord's Supper differ from the
other ordinances of God?
A. Baptism and the Lord's Supper differ from the other ordinances of
God in that they were specially instituted by Christ to represent
and apply to believers the benefits of the new covenant by visible
and outward signs. (Matt. 28:19; Acts 22:16; Matt. 26:26-28; Rom.
Q. 100. What is Baptism?
A. Baptism is an holy ordinance, wherein the washing with water in
the name of the Father, the Son and the Holy Spirit, signifies our
ingrafting into Christ and partaking of the benefits of the covenant
of grace, and our engagement to be the Lord's. (Matt. 28:19; Rom.
6:3-5; Col. 2:12; Gal. 3:27)
Q. 101. To whom is Baptism to be administered?
A. Baptism is to be administered to all those who actually profess
repentance towards God, faith in, and obedience to our Lord Jesus
Christ; and to none other. (Acts 2:38; Matt. 3:6; Mark 16:16; Acts
8:12,36; Acts 10:47,48)
Q. 102. Are the infants of such as are professing believers to be
A. The infants of such as are professing believers are not to be
baptized; because there is neither command nor example in the Holy
Scriptures, or certain consequence from them, to baptize such.
Q. 103. How is Baptism rightly administered?
A. Baptism is rightly administered by immersion, or dipping the
whole body of the person in water, in the name of the Father, and of
the Son, and of the Holy Spirit. (Matt. 3:16; John 3:23; Acts
Q. 104. What is the duty of those who are rightly baptized?
A. It is the duty of those who are rightly baptized to give up
(join) themselves to some visible and orderly church of Jesus
Christ, that they may walk in all the commandments and ordinances of
the Lord blameless. (Acts 2:46,47; Acts 9:26; 1 Peter 2:5; Heb.
10:25; Rom. 16:5)
Q. 105. What is the visible church?
A. The visible church is the organized society of professing
believers, in all ages and places, wherein the Gospel is truly
preached and the ordinances of Baptism and the Lord's Supper rightly
administered. (Acts 2:42; 20:7; Acts 7:38; Eph. 4:11,12)
Q. 106. What is the invisible church?
A. The invisible church is the whole number of the elect, that have
been, are, or shall be gathered into one under Christ the head.
(Eph. 1:10; 1:22,23; John 10:16; 11:52)
Q. 107. What is the Lord's Supper?
A. The Lord's Supper is a holy ordinance, wherein, by giving and
receiving bread and wine, according to Christ's appointment, His
death is showed forth, and the worthy receivers are, not after a
corporeal and carnal manner, but by faith, made partakers of His
body and blood, with all His benefits, to their spiritual
nourishment, and growth in grace. (1 Cor. 11:23-26; 10:16)
Q. 108. What is required to the worthy receiving of the Lord's
A. It is required of them that would worthily (that is, suitably)
partake of the Lord's Supper, that they examine themselves, of their
knowledge to discern the Lord's body; of their faith to feed upon
Him; of their repentance, love, and new obedience: lest, coming
unworthily, they eat and drink judgment to themselves. (1 Cor.
11:27-31; 1 Cor. 5:8; 2 Cor. 13:5)
Q. 109. What is Prayer?
A. Prayer is an offering up of our desires to God, for things
agreeable to His will, in the name of Christ, with confession of our
sins and thankful acknowledgment of His mercies. (1 John 5:14; 1
John 1:9; Phil. 4:6; Psalm 10:17; 145:19; John 14:13,14)
Q. 110. What rule has God given for our direction in prayer?
A. The whole Word of God is of use to direct us in prayer, but the
special rule of direction is that prayer, which Christ taught His
disciples, commonly called the Lord's Prayer. (Matt. 6:9-13; 2 Tim.
Q. 111. What does the preface of the Lord's Prayer teach us?
A. The preface of the Lord's Prayer, which is, "Our Father, which
art in heaven," teaches us to draw near to God, with all holy
reverence and confidence, as children to a father, able and ready to
help us, and that we should pray with and for others. (Matt. 6:9;
Luke 11:13; Rom. 8:15; Acts 12:5; 1 Tim. 2:1-3)
Q. 112. What do we pray for in the first petition?
A. In the first petition, which is "Hallowed be thy name," we pray
that God would enable us and others to glorify Him in all that
whereby He makes Himself known, and that He would dispose all things
to His own glory. (Matt. 6:9; Psalm 67:1-3; Rom. 11:36; Rev. 4:11)
Q. 113. What do we pray for in the second petition?
A. In the second petition, which is "Thy kingdom come," we pray that
Satan’s kingdom may be destroyed, and that the kingdom of grace may
be advanced; ourselves and others brought into it, and kept in it,
and that the kingdom of glory may be hastened. (Matt. 6:10; Psalm
68:1-18; Rom. 10:1; 2 Thess. 3:1; Matt. 9:37,38; Rev. 22:20)
Q. 114. What do we pray for in the third petition?
A. In the third petition, which is, "Thy will be done in earth as it
is in heaven," we pray that God by His grace, would make us able and
willing to know, obey, and submit to His will in all things, as the
angels do in heaven. (Matt. 6:10; Psalm 103:20,21; Psalm 25:4,5;
Q. 115. What do we pray for in the fourth petition?
A. In the fourth petition, which is, "Give us this day our daily
bread," we pray that of God's free gift, we may receive a competent
portion of the good things of this life and enjoy His blessing with
them. (Matt. 6:11; Prov. 30:8,9; 1 Tim. 6:6-8; 4:4,5)
Q. 116. What do we pray for in the fifth petition?
A. In the fifth petition, which is, "And forgive us our debts, as we
forgive our debtors," we pray that God, for Christ's sake, would
freely pardon all our sins; which we are the rather encouraged to
ask, because by His grace we are enabled from the heart to forgive
others. (Matt. 6:12; Psalm 51:1,3,7; Mark 11:25; Matt. 18:35)
Q. 117. What do we pray for in the sixth petition?
A. In the sixth petition, which is, "And lead us not into
temptation, but deliver us from evil," we pray that God would either
keep us from being tempted to sin, or support and deliver us when we
are tempted. (Matt. 6:13; 26:41; Psalm 19:13; 1 Cor. 10:13; John
Q. 118. What does the conclusion of the Lord's Prayer teach us?
A. The conclusion of the Lord's Prayer, which is, "For thine is the
kingdom, and the power, and the glory, forever, Amen," teaches us to
take our encouragement in prayer from God only, and in our prayers
to praise Him, ascribing kingdom, power, and glory to Him; and in
testimony of our desire, and assurance to be heard, we say, AMEN.
(Matt. 6:13; Dan. 9:18,19; 1 Chron. 29:11-13; 1 Cor. 14:16; Phil.
4:6; Rev. 22:20)
The Lord's Prayer
Our Father in heaven, hallowed be your name. Your kingdom come, your
will be done, on earth as it is in heaven. Give us this day our daily
bread, and forgive us our debts, as we also have forgiven our debtors.
And lead us not into temptation, but deliver us from evil. For yours
is the kingdom and the power and the glory, forever. Amen.
The Apostles' Creed
I believe in God, the Father almighty, Creator of heaven and earth;
And in Jesus Christ, his only Son, our Lord, who was conceived by
the Holy Spirit, born of the Virgin Mary, suffered under Pontius
Pilate, was crucified, died, and was buried; he descended into hell;
on the third day he rose again from the dead; he ascended into
heaven, and is seated at the right hand of God the Father almighty;
from there he will come to judge the living and the dead. I believe
in the Holy Spirit, the holy catholic Church, the communion of
saints, the forgiveness of sins, the resurrection of the body, and the
life everlasting. Amen.
The Ten Commandments
And God spoke all these words, saying, “I am the Lord your God, who brought you out of the land of Egypt, out of the house of slavery. You shall have no other gods before me. You
shall not make for yourself a carved image, or any likeness of anything
that is in heaven above, or that is in the earth beneath, or that is in
the water under the earth. You shall not bow down to them or serve them, for I the Lord your God am a jealous God, visiting the iniquity of the fathers on the children to the third and the fourth generation of those who hate me, but showing steadfast love to thousands of those who love me and keep my commandments. You shall not take the name of the Lord your God in vain, for the Lord will not hold him guiltless who takes his name in vain. Remember the Sabbath day, to keep it holy. Six days you shall labor, and do all your work, but the seventh day is a Sabbath to the Lord
your God. On it you shall not do any work, you, or your son, or your
daughter, your male servant, or your female servant, or your livestock,
or the sojourner who is within your gates. For in six days the Lord made heaven and earth, the sea, and all that is in them, and rested on the seventh day. Therefore the Lord blessed the Sabbath day and made it holy. Honor your father and your mother, that your days may be long in the land that the Lord your God is giving you. You shall not murder. You shall not commit adultery. You shall not steal. You shall not bear false witness against your neighbor. You shall not covet your neighbor's house; you
shall not covet your neighbor's wife, or his male servant, or his
female servant, or his ox, or his donkey, or anything that is your neighbor's.”
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Adapted from the Westminster Shorter Catechism by Benjamin Keach and Hercules Collins and published by the Association of Baptists in London...